Housing in Japan using Japanese furniture with modern and traditional concepts. Two dominant patterns of residence in contemporary Japan is a separate single-family homes and multiple-unit buildings, either owned by an individual or a corporation and rented as apartments to tenants, or owned by the occupant. Additional types of housing, especially for unmarried people, including boarding houses (which are popular among college students), dormitories (common in the enterprise), and the barracks (for members of the Self-Defense Forces, police and several other public employees). Traditional Japanese house consists of several main rooms, namely Washitsu (multipurpose room that can be used as a living room, bedroom and living room), Genkan (entrance area), kitchen and washiki (toilet). Washitsu is paved with tatami rooms in traditional Japanese buildings. There are several streams in compiling the tatami mat floor. Of the amount used can be known tatami square footage of the room. From a number washitsu that is in the building (house) there is one major washitsu.
Each room can be a living room, dining room, study, or bedroom. This is possible because Japanese furniture is needed is a portable, which is stored in oshiire (a small part of the house used for storage). Washitsu functions change depending on household appliance use. Washitsu turned into a learning space when placed table. Washitsu into the bedroom when placed futon (sleeping mat). Large table issued when washitsu want used for banquets. There are two kinds of objects that can be used to provide barriers to washitsu, namely fusuma and shoji. Fusuma is rectangular-shaped panels are mounted vertically on the rails of wood, can be opened or closed by means encouraged. Usefulness as a sliding door or room divider on washitsu.
As with shoji, Japanese furniture is fusuma installed between the rails of wood, called kamoi the top rail and bottom rail is called shikii. Frame made of wood and both sides of its surface covered with washi, cloth (natural fibers or synthetic fibers), or vinyl. When the paper coating is damaged or simply want to change the atmosphere, the old paper could be removed and replaced with new paper. Both surface fitted fusuma hikite that functions like a door handle while pushing fusuma. Difference between fusuma and shoji are impermeable to light fusuma while shoji light permeable. Sandals must be removed before entering the house washitsu.Washitsu a tatami floor. Tatami mats are a kind of coming from Japan are made traditionally. Tatami is made of straw that has been woven, but today many Tatami is made of styrofoam. Tatami has a variety of shapes and sizes, and all around sewn with fabric brokade or a plain green cloth.
In the beginning, Tatami is a luxury that can be owned by the wealthy. At that time most homes of the poor do not have the floor, but the mat. Tatami later became popular to the 17th century. One characteristic of the Japanese house is genkan. Genkan is a place where people take off their shoes. When they remove their shoes, people step up to higher floors of genkan. Besides genkan there is a rack or cabinet, Japanese furniture is called Getabako where people can store their shoes. Sandals to wear at home are also stored there. Traditional Japanese toilets (washiki) is a squat toilet-also known as the Asian toilet. Most squat toilets in Japan are made of porcelain. User of the toilet in Japan where they are facing the wall behind the toilet in the picture seen on the right. Squat toilets are divided into two types: the toilet is located on the surface of the floor, and toilet is located on the floor is elevated about 30 cm the latter is easier to use for the Journey-Journey to urinate while standing.